Overview of the Functional Behavioral Assessment
The Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is a formal way for parents, teachers, and other school professionals to work together to help make a student become more successful. It is intended to be a problem solving process used to determine the function of a student’s behavior. Students with misbehavior that are not successful with typical behavior supports or the schoolwide discipline plans, may need extra support. The FBA is typically used prior to a Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP). It is a brainstorming session, where participants attempt to determine the precursors to the misbehavior. Participants should come to the meeting, prepared to discuss times when there is not a disciple problem, and what is occurring to make those times more positive. They should also be ready to discuss what occurs prior to the misbehavior to cause it.
The FBA can be used for students in Special Education and it can be used for regular education students. However, there are not laws requiring a school to complete an FBA on regular education students. When an FBA is conducted regarding a student classified as a Special Education Student, the FBA is a function of the IEP committee.
-Trained professionals such as a School Psychologist should conduct observations prior to the meeting. They can come with data regarding the current behavior and what may have led up to it.
-Leave negative thinking out of the process. It is not a grip session or a time to discuss what will not work. There are challenging children in our schools, but if we give up on them, they will surly give up on themselves.